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Seven Islets Transformed into a Megalopolis


A.G. Krishna Menon

MUMBAI:THEATRE OF CONFLICT, CITY OF HOPE-1660 TO PRESENT TIMES
Edited by Mariam Dossal
Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2010, pp. 252, Rs. 2450.00

VOLUME XXXIV NUMBER 8 August 2010

In recent years several books have been published on Indian cities. This is a healthy trend because the more we know about our cities, the more effectively we will be able to mediate its development. In this genre, the most written about city in India is perhaps Mumbai. Publications on the city have ranged from coffee table books, fiction, socio-political studies, reportage, to its architecture and urban life styles. Mariam Dossal’s book is among them and it examines the history of civic governance in the city. Her objective is ‘to understand the ways in which the politics of land use have impacted on the lives and living conditions of Bombay’s inhabitants.’ Dossal is a Professor of History at the University of Mumbai. She is an acknowledged authority on the history of Mumbai, but her concerns in this book extend beyond the boundaries of her discipline to issues of urban planning, to help ‘evolve policies that create humane and equitable living conditions for all.’ In an earlier book, Imperial Designs and Indian Realities: The Planning of Bombay City (OUP, 1991), she had focused on the period 1845 to 1875 when major public works had transformed ‘an agrarian settlement of little significance to a world city’. The new book is more ambitious, it covers a longer time span from mid-seventeenth century when the island was handed over by the Portuguese as dowry to King Charles II of England, to the present, when the city has been transformed from Bombay into Mumbai and from ‘seven obscure islets into a megalopolis’. Dossal weaves a fascinating narrative of the growth and development of Bombay. Not many historians have been able to write such an authoritative biography of a city. For one, it requires access to variety of historical records that are usually non-existent or inaccessible, often in the forgotten depths of municipal or State archives. Dossal explains that she was fortunate to have had access to the records housed in the Maharashtra State Archives, the Land Records Office and the Asiatic Library of Mumbai, which she trawled for ‘many years’ to collect the material for her book. For another, it requires a certain inquisitive vision to translate dry data into a compelling narrative. Dossal succeeds because as she explains, ‘Exploring these rich repositories resembles deep-sea diving and brings with it the heady excitement of discovering hidden treasures lying many fathoms deep.’ Therefore, I commend this book ...


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