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R.V. Gupta

ADMINISTRATION OF POLICY AND PROGRAMMES FOR BACKWARD CLASSES IN INDIA
By S.N. Dubey and Ratna Murdia
Somaiya Publications, New Delhi, 1976, 279, 45.00

VOLUME I NUMBER 3 July - September 1976

The authors have tried to analyse the basic con­straints in implementation of programmes designed for the improvement of the socio-economic condi­tions of the deprived sections of our population. The broad definition of backward classes covers Sche­duled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, denotified tribes and other backward classes. This book brings together articles written for different professional and academic journals, and is organized in three sections. In the first, the authors have analysed the causes of backwardness and have examined the policies and programmes which are being implemented for the welfare of the backward classes. The next part contains field studies of backward class housing and hostels. The last section deals with conceptualization of social wel­fare organizations and management processes for their effective management. The authors have also attempted an analysis of M.B.O. strategy in relation to its applicability in the management of welfare organizations. The authors begin by an analysis of social policy, social development and weaker sections. In spite of multifarious programmes for the rural poor such as SFDA, MFAL, CSRE and DPAP, their relative position in the social milieu has remained the same since Independence. The main causes for this state of inequality have been very aptly summed up by the authors. In the next chapter the authors have tried to analyse the response of backward classes in a situation of helplessness. They have given a warning that the feeling of ‘powerlessness’ has all the ingredients of potential violence. The authors also raise a very important question as to whether the definition of backward classes should continue to be caste based? In their view an income criterion wou1d be more appropriate. However, this issue is not taken up for any further analysis in the rest of the book. A detailed examination of specific programmes initiated for the welfare of Scheduled Castes, Sche­duled Tribes, backward classes and semi-nomadic communities follows. Many of the bottlenecks and constraints in implementation of policy, such as the inherent resistance of the privileged to change, the lack of zeal in the administrative staff, are factors common to all these schemes. The authors have made a few suggestions for the reorganization of the administrative setup at the district/state and central level. Whether the modifications sug­gested would have any significant impact is a moot point as the real impact would be through a change in attitude. The chapter ...


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