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Uncivilized Actions Unholy Reactions


Pawan Sinha

GLOBAL TERRORISM: MELTING BORDERS, HARDENED WALLS
By Pravin N. Sheth
Rawat Publications, Jaipur, 2005, pp. 384, Rs. 795.00

VOLUME XXX NUMBER 7 July 2006

It was in the late 80s and early 90s that acts of terror started drawing global attention.   Incidents like bombing the World Trade Center in New York in 2001, the Aum Shinrikyo attack of the Tokyo subway in 1995, bombing the US embassies in Nairobi and Dar-es-Salam in 1998 brought forth the worldwide dimensions of postmodern terrorism. Emergence of the Al-Qaeda, the Hizbul Muja-hiddeen, the Lashkar-e-Toiba, the Jaish-e-Mohammad and Hammas marked the beginning of global terrorism. These terrorist organizations are equipped with WMD, hi-tech systems, skilled activists, committed militias and international financial networking. The possession of nuclear weapons by these organizations cannot be denied firmly. Moreover they have deep roots in society, in ethnic communities and are backed by religious fervour, which they use to acquire finances and moral support from the diaspora. Their close proximity with some states too cannot be ruled out. Terrorist organizations like the Al-Qaeda have their own capability to generate financial resources through real estate business, manufacturing units of sweets, honey, leather, bakery etc., agro industries and export business. They also have NGO networks active throughout the world. Almost all terrorist groups are ‘exporting’ their militias in different parts of the world to ‘help’ warring states or local terrorist groups. Drug trafficking has become another important means of their earning. Thus at the moment the world is facing a highly structured terrorism whose profile is undetectable. In the name of religion they have mustered support among the masses the world over. Hence attacking one or the other nation cannot be a proper strategy to combat terrorism. Security forces, so far, have proved to be a temporary and short-lived solution to this problem. To combat postmodern global terrorism, it is necessary to study the root causes where it breeds from, for example functioning of the state system, prevailing international order, and globalization and causes of unrest in Muslim society.   Pravin N. Sheth is the author of fourteen books besides Global Terrorism-Melting Borders, Hardened Walls . His teaching and research experience at Pennsylvania, USA, Gujarat University, India and University of Hull, U.K. have given him a wide range of vision which enable him to deal with the issue.   Professor Sheth has dealt mainly with the ideo-political basis of terrorism and the events influencing the world since 9/11. He has treated terrorism as a dynamic movement, a complex phenomenon and as a global problem. The book also examines the magnitude of the ...


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