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S. Samuel C. Rajiv

REVOLUTION 2.0: THE POWER OF THE PEOPLE IS GREATER THAN THE PEOPLE IN POWER
By Wael Ghonim
Thompson Press India, 2012, pp. 308, Rs. 599.00

VOLUME XXXVIII NUMBER 7 July 2014

The memoir under review is a chronicle of Egypt’s ‘Arab Spring’ from an author who not only had a ringside view of the events as they unfolded but played an important part in channelling the people’s pent up emotions. It is a powerful testimony to the impact that ordinary but conscientious citizens can play in determining the course of their nation’s history. Wael Ghonim’s online activism, sparked by the murder of a fellow citizen Khaled Said by security forces in broad daylight on June 6, 2010, had limited aims. This was to expose gross human rights violations being committed by the security apparatus of the Mubarak regime and ensure that the perpetrators of the crime faced justice.   The ‘Kullena Khaled Said’ [We are all Khaled Said] (KKS) webpage started by the author generated a large following from a critical section of the population that was fed up with such atrocities and lack of account-ability from the government coupled with suppression of information related to such issues by state-controlled media. The author was the originator of novel nonviolent protest tactics like the ‘Silent Stand’ which enjoined Egyptians to stand in protest along the beachfronts and major roads in important cities like Cairo and Alexandria to bring pressure on the regime to act against the perpetrators.   Four such peaceful protests were held with the fourth one held on July 23 (the anniversary of the 1952 revolution) dubbed the ‘Revolution of Silence’. Ghonim acknow-ledges the impact that Mahatma Gandhi had on his philosophy when he states that Gandhi ‘is certainly one of my heroes’ (p. 107). He asserts that Gandhi’s triumph against the British Empire assured him that ‘great battles could be fought and won without violence’ (p. 108).   It is pertinent to note that the significant response such tactics generated from ordinary Egyptians were despite the fact that the author himself remained anonymous (in order not to allow the authorities to nip his activism in the bud) and was based in Dubai with a cushy job with one of the most high-profile American multinational companies, Google. Ghonim’s awakened conscience on seeing the picture of the battered body of Said however spurred him to action to coax his fellow countrymen to shed their ‘fear’ and become politically confident.   Apart from the brutal manner of the death of Said, the bomb blast outside the Two Saints Church on January 1, 2011 in Alexandria which led to ...


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