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The Contemporary Canvas


Medha Bisht

AN INTRODUCTION TO SOUTH ASIAN POLITICS
Edited by Neil De Votta
Routledge, New Delhi, 2016, pp. 216, $145.00

VOLUME XL NUMBER 3 March 2016

Given the legacy of colonialism and the lack of transition that the South Asian states have made to frameworks for understanding alternative cartographic imaginations, nation-states, modernity, development and security issues both at the national and regional level, Niel De Votta’s edited work, An Introduction to South Asian Politics, is an important contribution towards laying out the broad contours and contemporary canvas of South Asian politics. It has been argued that fragile domestic structures in South Asia have largely been responsible for determining the national, regional and international politics of South Asia, and the idea of South Asia in the 21st century and beyond will continue to be governed by this important variable. Perhaps based on this broad assumption, the authors who have contributed to this significant collection, examine six South Asian countries—Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The broad question as the editor himself identifies at the outset is to employ ‘a democratic prism to analyse the region’s domestic politics’ (p. 1). To what extent have the respective South Asian countries been able to consolidate both democracy and governance? Have the South Asian countries been able to match the parameters of democratic participation, in terms of institutions, parties and elections? The politics of South Asia has been introduced with this question directing the course of inquiry. The rationale for revisiting South Asian politics, as De Votta argues is to situate South Asian countries ‘within the broader discourses of global power shifts from Western states to countries in Asia in an increasingly multi-polar world’ (p. 1). While this question posed at the outset is an interesting entry point to gauge the trajectory of South Asian politics as it has emerged in the past and as it would possibly shape up in the near future, the lack of engagement with this question in the concluding and introductory chapters emerges as the key weakness of the book. There are indeed common themes which have inflicted all South Asian states, given the diversity of and in particular, their individual and distinct trajectories. Good governance, legitimacy of the state, corruption, demographic dividend, fast growing economies are some features which have been identified by the authors. For instance, Jason Kirk, commenting on the democratic evolution of India, states that, ‘as India’s population nears 1.25 billion, there are more than 600 million under age 25, and 70 percent of the population is under 40.’ Citing a few sources, ...


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