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Cultural Transmissions


M. Raisur Rahman

ISLAM TRANSLATED: LITERATURE, CONVERSION, AND THE ARABIC COSMOPOLIS OF SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA
By Ronit Ricci
Permanent Black, Ranikhet, 2011, pp. xxii+313, Rs.750.00

VOLUME XXXVI NUMBER 3 March 2012

The question of the spread of Islam into areas far away from its place of origin continues to invite inquiries and curiosities. Multiple explanations offer how a religion starting off with a small tribal community in the lands of Arabia, expanded across the globe and eventually turned out to be the world's second most followed religion and by some estimates the world's fastest growing religion today. Two regions-South and Southeast Asia-that inhabit the world's largest Muslim populations are all the more intriguing in this regard. Different networks such as travel, trade, and Sufi brotherhoods connected individuals and communities of these areas to each other as much as to the larger Islamic world and facilitated the arrival and expansion of Islam. Ronit Ricci, a scholar trained in comparative literature, seeks to emphasize the role of literature and literary networks as yet another path through which Islam spread and flourished in these two regions. As simple as it might sound on the surface, the book under review uncovers the intriguing nature of literary transmission and translation and the role they played in the process of religious conversion. The author thinks through how 'literary networks connected Muslims across boundaries of space and culture' and 'helped introduce and sustain a complex web of prior texts and new interpretations that were crucial to the establishment of both local and global Islamic identities' (pp. 1-2). Islam Translated considers one key text: The Book of One Thousand Questions. Originally composed in Arabic and later translated into various languages, this book is about a Jewish trader by the name of Abdullah Ibn Salam who lived in the seventh-century Arabia and challenged the Prophet of Islam with a series of questions, is impressed with the answers, and ultimately converts to Islam. The story of Ibn Salam meeting the Prophet Muhammad and converting to Islam goes back to some of the earliest recorded Muslim traditions, the earliest authoritative source narrating the story being Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, also known as al-Sirat al-Nabawiyya, composed in the eighth century. It is interesting to see how the story of Ibn Salam and the Book of One Thousand Questions, with its multiple translations and renditions over centuries since its first appearance, have appealed to people across cultural and geographical divides. As it introduces stories, questions, historical and mythic characters, Islamic vocabulary, Quranic quotations, and shared images, it has appealed to both converts and ...


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