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A Comprehensive Overview




CONFLICT IN JAMMU AND KASHMIR: IMPACT ON POLITY, SOCIETY AND ECONOMY
Edited by V.R. Raghavan
Vij Books, New Delhi, 2012, pp.282, Rs.850.00

VOLUME XXXVI NUMBER 9 SEPTEMBER 2012

Conflict in Jammu and Kashmir: Impact on Polity, Society and Economy, is a collection of twelve well researched papers presented at a seminar held in Jammu in September 2010 organized by the Centre for Security Analysis (CSA) in collaboration with the Department of Strategic and Regional Studies (DSRS), University of Jammu. Eminent experts and practitioners have examined various aspects of the conflict. S.S. Bloeria, retired IAS officer and ex-Chief Secretary, Jammu & Kashmir Government gives an overview of the Kashmir conflict and talks about how militancy has impacted the politics, security and economy of the State. He explores the relationship between Kashmir and Delhi with respect to autonomy and Article 370 and states that these issues have over the decades clouded the relationship between Kashmir and New Delhi. He also talks about the disconnect between the three major regions of the State i.e., Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. The paper by Mohammed Monir Alam, ‘Pakistan’s Policy towards the Conflict’, explores the strategic behaviour of Pakistan towards India over the Kashmir issue and talks about the offensive and defensive strategies Pakistan employed during the start of the militancy in 1989.According to him the Kargil war of 1999 was a diplomatic disaster for Pakistan and there was a shift in the Jihadi strategy after the September 2001 twin tower attack. Baljit S. Mann in ‘Kashmir Conflict: A Reflection of Competing Nationalisms of India and Pakistan’ identifies three types of identity formation that exists in the State namely, proto-national identity (pro-independence for Kashmir); Pakistan national identity (pro-Pakistan) and Indian national Identity (pro-India). According to him, the territorial space of the first and second identity formations is primarily in the Kashmir Valley, whereas the second identity formation can be seen in Jammu and Ladakh. According to the author the changing global, Asian and South Asian geo-political and geo-strategic scenario has added more complexity to the conflict. Noor Ahmad Baba in ‘Kashmir Special Status: Myth and Reality’ explores the special status of the State under Article 370 in the Indian Constitution. He compares the autonomy enjoyed by the State with that of the States of the United Sates of America. He emphasizes that in the present context, political contestations have gone beyond the discourse of Article 370. ‘Politics and Inter Regional Relations’ by Balraj Puri talks about how the inter-provincial relations affected the course of events in the State and in turn each political development has influenced the relations. According ...


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